Depression is a mood disorder that manipulates every portion of life. The illness impacts all sectors of the populace in each socio-economic group, from youngsters, grownups, and the elderly. This frustrating illness controls the mind, behavior, body, emotional state, and can even conclude the ability to keep relationships. Clinical depression is a medical finding, and is different from the everyday connotation of being depressed.
According to the DSM-IV-TR criterion for diagnosing a major depressive disorder or clinical depression, two aspects need to be present, which is depressed mood or anhedonia. It is acceptable to have either of these clinical depression symptoms in combination with five other clinical depression symptoms over a two-week period.
Mental or physical fatigue and loss of energy feelings of guilt, sadness, anxiety, fear, or helplessness, decreased amount of interest or enjoyment in all, or almost all, everyday activities practically every day, changing appetite and noticeable fat burning or gain, psychomotor agitation or retardation nearly every day, feelings of overwhelming sadness, or the seeming inability to feel emotion.
Other symptoms include problems focusing or making decisions, or a generalized slowing of cognition consisting of memory, disturbed sleeping patterns such as excessive sleep or hypersomia, insomnia, or loss of REM sleep. Repeated thoughts of death, not just the fear of dying, but consistent suicide ideation with a specific plan, or a particular plan of committing suicide or suicide attempt.
Other clinical depression symptoms, in some cases reported but not usually taken into consideration in medical diagnosis include, inattention to personal hygiene, fear of going mad, reduction in self-esteem, change in perception of time, sensitivity to noise, physical discomfort and aches with the belief that these might be signs of a serious illness.
Clinical depression symptoms in kids are not as apparent as in adults. A few of the symptoms that kids might show are irritability, loss of appetite, learning or memory issues where none existed before, sleep problems such as persistent nightmares, and substantial behavioral changes such as social isolation, aggression, and withdrawal.
An additional sign could be the excessive use of alcohol or drugs, where depressed teenagers are at a particular risk of additional vital behavior such as eating disorders and self-harm.
Among the most extensively used instruments for determining the seriousness of depression is the Beck Depression Inventory, which has twenty-one multiple-choice questions. For people who have not experienced clinical depression, either personally or by regular exposure to individuals who suffer from it, it is hard for them to understand the emotional effect and severity, taking it to be comparable as having the blues or feeling down.